Cranes are an essential piece of machinery for a variety of construction projects. Different types of cranes are used to hoist materials, tools, and personnel to be transported from one location to another, installed in high places or suspended in the air. In this blog post we’ll breakdown the 4 most common types of cranes, their differences and what type of jobs they’re typically used for.
Different types of cranes have been around since the mid-20th century; however, modern cranes feature advanced features that allow for greater flexibility and efficiency when performing work on a large construction area. It raises and lowers heavy loads with precision accuracy, allowing workers to complete large tasks more quickly and safely. Cranes are typically mounted on vehicles or anchored to the ground, giving them great flexibility when used in different environments.
What are the different types of cranes?
There are different types of cranes available for different purposes and it is imortant to choose the right crane for the project.
The most commonly used crane is called a mobile crane, which features a jib or boom arm mounted onto a truck with wheels that can easily move around the construction site as needed. Mobile cranes are extremely versatile pieces of equipment because they can be moved from one place to another relatively easily. This makes them ideal for large outdoor projects that require precise maneuvering and control or jobs in remote areas or where access might be limited due to terrain or time constraints. They also have many safety features including drop prevention systems as well as outriggers for added stability when lifting heavier loads..
Mobile cranes also have various attachments such as spreaders, winches, clamps and other devices that help enhance their carrying capacity and make them even more efficient for handling heavy loads over long distances. Additionally, modern mobile cranes come equipped with computerized systems that help ensure correct positioning before each lift is made, helping operators prevent potential accidents resulting from poor maneuvering techniques and errors in judgment while operating these powerful tools.
A mobile crane is typically used to lift and move heavy loads, such as construction materials or machinery. It typically consists of two main components: an upper part that includes the boom, counterweight, engine and cab; and a lower part which provides support and stability. Mobile cranes are capable of reaching heights up to 200 feet with maximum horizontal reach being taken into account for larger models. The lifting capacity can range anywhere from 2 tons to more than 1,000 tons depending on the model chosen.
A tower crane is commonly used on construction sites for the vertical and horizontal movement of heavy loads.Tower cranes often consist of two main components: the base or lower section which can be placed directly on foundations (either permanent or temporary) and the upper jib-boom assembly which can be extended up as tall as 200 feet in some cases. The boom itself is equipped with wire ropes, pulleys, and counterweights that help to move objects around quickly while keeping them safe during operation.
This system enables operators to precisely shift items between different locations at various heights without having to resort to conventional rigging methods such as chains and slings. Tower cranes often use counterweights at their base in order to balance out any loads being lifted off the ground so that they don’t topple over.
Tower cranes are one of the safest means of lifting equipment due to their stability and safety features like adjustable braking systems and automated boom raise/lower functions. They can handle some jobs more safely than other types of cranes because they provide greater control over where material is placed—greatly reducing risks associated with working at heights or moving around large objects near other workers below.
A crawler crane is generally used to move and manipulate heavy construction materials. It has the ability to traverse uneven terrain and even work in the water, all while carrying a payload of up to 1,000 tons. This makes them an invaluable tool for many forms of construction from bridge building to loading ships with large cargo containers.
The design of crawler cranes typically consists of a base connected by tracks that allow it to be maneuvered around difficult terrain. This allows these powerful machines to access locations inaccessible by other types of mobile equipment like truck-mounted cranes or excavators. Crawlers can also lift very high weights due to their massive size and multiple track-drive mechanisms, which give them superior power at lifting heavy objects without sacrificing too much stability or maneuverability. Crawlers are most often outfitted with hydraulic hoists which make it possible to lift and transport large items in tight spaces quickly and easily.
Moreover, crawler cranes have several other useful features beyond just lifting capacity such as spooling cables for wire connections, attachments for piling work on foundations, drilling capabilities via augers or pile drivers, as well as counterweight installations for even more power when weight distribution is needed over uneven ground surfaces such as slopes or rough terrain features found inside quarries or shipyards. All these features allow operators great flexibility when taking on various tasks.
A floating crane is used in various applications, such as dredging, lifting and moving large objects. It is a specialized form of ship-mounted crane that can be used in any area with sufficient water depth to accommodate its size. Floating cranes are able to lift up to several hundred tons, depending on the model and design. This makes them ideal for deep-water operations like loading ships or working on offshore platforms in areas inaccessible by land-based cranes.
Floating cranes are commonly used in construction projects such as bridge building, port dredging and coastal protection works, as well as various other applications where weighty items need to be handled in aquatic settings such as salvage operations and underwater oil production.
Floating cranes consist of both hydraulic and conventional cranes which have been modified with specialized marine components so they can operate effectively in an aquatic environment.
They come in various sizes – from small deck-cranes which are usually found aboard ships but also larger models that are towed onto land by barges – all the way up to immense floating monsters like this 5000 ton chinese crane vessel.
The biggest advantage of these machines lies in their ability to move around freely and access isolated places, which increases their versatility for different types of tasks. They also provide an easier way of operating than traditional land-based cranes due to their high maneuverability and low risk of damaging surrounding infrastructure or objects. Floating cranes come equipped with several features designed for improved safety measures, including automated systems for self-stabilization against wave movements and the ability to deploy lifeboats when needed.
Factors to consider when deciding between the different types of crane for a project
When selecting the right type of crane for your project, there are several key factors to consider.
First and foremost is safety; cranes must be properly designed, maintained, and operated in order to reduce risk of injury or damage.
Secondly, the weight of the load that needs to be lifted must be taken into consideration when choosing a crane – lifting too much weight can cause structure failure or tip-over accidents so it’s essential that you select the types of cranes with sufficient capacity.
Finally, assess your working environment – what kind of access roads are available? Do you need an all-terrain mobile crane with four-wheel drive capabilities?
Other considerations when deciding between different types of cranes include:
- budget constraints
- height limitations (especially near power lines)
- service availability (some types of cranes require additional certification)
- how often the machine will be used
Doing research ahead of time will help ensure that you decide the best types of cranes for your specific job requirements while avoiding costly mistakes during setup or operation. Superior Crane Hire has a wide variety of cranes in our fleet – contact us today for a solution to your lifting needs.